Maintaining Cognitive Health
Cognitive and neurological health refers to the health of the brain, how efficiently the brain communicates with the body while maintaining a host of other functions such as memory, judgment, language, spacial sensing, recognition, dealing with colors, images and numbers as well as the ability to learn.
Issues with cognitive or neurological health can create many symptoms. One of the most well-known is declining mental function or dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease, which generally develops later in life based on a decline of brain tissues and enzyme function.
Other neurological problems — brought on by head injuries from sports or car accidents — aren’t always given the proper treatment, and can occur earlier in life such as depression, vertigo, or poor balance and change in sleep patterns.
Age-Related Neurological Problems
Severe neurological decline is typically seen among aging adults. Most people suffer from mild cognitive impairment, including loss of memory, for example the inability to quickly remember names and numbers, which doesn’t hugely impact their ability to maintain necessary daily activities.
When cognitive decline is more severe and greatly impacts normal daily activities and relationships, it is typically diagnosed as dementia.
Various types of dementia affect an aging population, but Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common. Oftentimes, it begins with mild memory loss, but can escalate to severe personality changes, poor judgement and choices, loss of motor function, deep confusion and inability to recognize even close family members.
Other forms of dementia include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia and Huntington’s Disease. Stroke is another common cause of untreated neurological problems.